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Monday, May 18, 2020 | History

3 edition of Carcinogenic potential of petroleum hydrocarbons found in the catalog.

Carcinogenic potential of petroleum hydrocarbons

Eula Bingham

Carcinogenic potential of petroleum hydrocarbons

a critical review of the literature

by Eula Bingham

  • 85 Want to read
  • 18 Currently reading

Published by Dept. of Environmental Health, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati in Cincinnati, Ohio .
Written in English

  • Hydrocarbons -- Toxicology.,
  • Carcinogens.,
  • Petroleum refineries -- Health aspects.,
  • Environmentally induced diseases.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementEula Bingham, Ruth P. Trosset, David Warshawsky.
    ContributionsTrosset, Ruth P., joint author., Warshawsky, David, joint author.
    LC ClassificationsRC268.7.H9 B56
    The Physical Object
    Paginationp. 484-563 :
    Number of Pages563
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL4150040M
    LC Control Number80129526

      Questions and Answers on Mineral Oil in Cosmetic Products. BfR FAQ of 26 May Cosmetic products can contain mineral oils, waxes and white oils from refined and processed crude oils. The proportions of potentially carcinogenic hydrocarbons are reduced and/or eliminated through the processing of the crude   Mineral oil contains open-chain hydrocarbons (paraffins), hydro-carbons with saturated ring systems (naphthenes) and aromatic hydrocarbons (Figure 1). Some of the compounds such as benzene hydrocarbons may be of potential health hazard, which specifically includes carcinogenic effects.1 Although the health effects are not

    The lack of toxicological data and related risk information on the APAHs represents an especially critical gap in the scientific data because, by mass, the APAHs constitute the vast majority of PAHs in crude oil and petroleum with the potential to contaminate seafood following a marine spill event (Baird et al. ).    Chemicals of potential concern 5 Toxicity criteria for carcinogenic endpoints 16 Table 3. Toxicity criteria for non-carcinogenic endpoints 17 Health screening levels for petroleum hydrocarbons in soil and groundwater. Part 1: Technical development document. ://?downloadfile.

    migration potential of petroleum vapors. This yielded a number of questions on how the petroleum provisions in the draft guidance were affected. After assessing the new information, Ecology released Implementation Memo No. 14 in March (Updated Process for Initially Assessing the Potential for Petroleum Vapor Intrusion   The results reported here confirm the petroleum hydrocarbons degradation potential by these species, particularly R. hoagii, which consumed over 85% of TPH in 24 h, a higher and faster efficiency

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Carcinogenic potential of petroleum hydrocarbons by Eula Bingham Download PDF EPUB FB2

J Environ Pathol Toxicol. Dec;3() Carcinogenic potential of petroleum hydrocarbons: a critical review of the literature. Bingham E, Trosset RP, Warshawsky :// The rapid development of the chemical industry, combustion of fossil fuels, and smoking of tobacco have resulted in contact of the general population with benzo(a)pyrene and other carcinogenic aromatic hydrocarbons.

Persons especially at risk occupationally are those engaged in thermal processing of oil shale, coal, and heavy residual :// This book provides an overview on the molecular mode of action of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).

PAHs are by-products arising from incomplete combustion of organic matter The carcinogenic potential of metals used in TDA remains an area of concern. The carcinogenic potential of orthopedic implant materials has been documented in a few animal studies.

Rat sarcomas were noted to correlate with high serum cobalt, chromium, or nickel content released from metal :// View Lancet Oncology summary as HTML or PDF French version of the Lancet Oncology summary (hosted by Centre Léon Bérard).

This one-hundred-and-third volume of the IARC Monographs contains evaluations of the carcinogenic hazard to humans of bitumens and bitumen emissions, and of some N- and S-heterocyclic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (referred to as azaarenes and thiaarenes, Some Non-heterocyclic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Some Related Exposures IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans Volume IARC.

ISBN (Print Book) This volume reviews the potential carcinogenicity of 60 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and several occupational exposures involving coal-derived This chapter summarizes the findings on carcinogenicity of jet-propulsion fuel 8 (JP-8) presented in the National Research Council report Permissible Exposure Levels for Selected Military Fuel Vapors (NRC ) and reviews additional studies on JP-8 and related mixtures, some of which were completed after the report was published.

The studies are summarized in Table   Canadian Soil Quality Guidelines for the Protection of Environmental and Human Health 3 PAHs Table 1: Soil Quality Guidelines for Carcinogenic and Other PAHs (mgkg-1) IMPORTANT NOTE (1): Assess the hazard to human health from carcinogenic effects of PAHs by doing steps 1 and 2.

Assess the hazard to environmental health from non-carcinogenic effects of PAHs by doing step (see The consistent performance of hydrocarbon lubricant base oils is a critical factor in a wide variety of applications such as engine oils, industrial lubricants, and metalworking fluids.

In addition, in many of these applications humans are exposed to the base oils as a component of a formulated product such that health or safety considerations may need to be ://   TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARONS.

94 6. HEALTH EFFECTS. Scope of the Problem. Petroleum hydrocarbons are the principal components in a wide variety of commercial products (e.g., gasoline, fuel oils, lubricating oils, solvents, mineral spirits, mineral   Crude petroleum, refined petroleum products, and individual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) contained within petroleum are found throughout the world.

Their presence has been detected in living and nonliving components of ecosystems. Petroleum can be an environmental hazard for all :// /es/Documents/R2ES/LitCited/4TX_Sal/   Numerical Standards and Risk Assessment Procedures.

Total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) 08 Appendix A were calculated deterministically using point values to describe each potential exposure scenario. This is different from historical generic numerical soil direct-contact VAP Support   The guidance does not address petroleum hydrocarbons leaching to ground water.

If leaching from soil impacted by petroleum hydrocarbons to ground water is a concern at the site, refer to the DERR Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) leaching guidance. Also, in a spill situation where an immediate response is needed to address the release, ( ppm) in and The cohort was followed from to or with loss to followup of less than %.

Analysis of cancer incidence and mortality revealed no significant increases in total neoplasms (25 observed vs. expected) or increases in cancers at specific :// Nevertheless, according to the JECFA, no carcinogenic effects could be detected in a 2‐year feeding study in rats with paraffin waxes of similar viscosity.

1 Taking into account results for paraffin waxes and for medium and high viscosity white oils, the EFSA concluded that there is no indication of carcinogenic potential for food‐grade   @article{osti_, title = {Biodepuration of petroleum-derived polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons from a bivalve mollusc}, author = {Tanacredi, J.T.}, abstractNote = {Two species of bivalves, Mya arenaria and Mercenaria mercenaria were analyzed to identify and quantify nine polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons attributable to either natural environmental accumulation, or This book begins with a brief review of the early work on the mechanism of chemical carcinogenesis by polynuclear hydrocarbons, followed by a detailed survey of pertinent literature in the field.

The cytotoxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic effects of arene oxides are analyzed, along with the solvolytic and nucleophilic reactions of benzo[a   @article{osti_, title = {Renal effects of petroleum hydrocarbons}, author = {Mehlman, M.A.

and Hemstreet, G.P. and Thorpe, J.J. and Weaver, N.K.}, abstractNote = {This book presents the papers given at a conference on the health hazards and biological effects of petroleum hydrocarbons on the kidneys. Topics considered at the conference included xenobiotic induced kidney lesions Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons a Constituent of Petroleum: Presence and Influence in the Aquatic Environment.

By Daniela M. Pampanin and Magne O. Sydnes. Submitted: November 10th Reviewed: April 20th Published: January 16th DOI: / Petroleum is not only an important energy resource to boost the economic development, but also a major pollutant of the soil.

The toxicity of petroleum can cause a negative impact on ecosystem, as well as the negative effects related to its carcinogenic for both animals and humans. In the present study, bioremediation as an alternative tool for restoration petroleum-contaminated soils was set.

TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARONS 21 3. IDENTITY AND ANALYSIS OF TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS. Stoddard Solvent. Stoddard solvent is a petroleum distillate widely used as a dry cleaning solvent and as a general cleaner and degreaser.

It may also be used as a paint thinner, as a solvent in some types  It has been shown that the molecular species responsible for carcinogenic potential of lubricant base oils are principally the three to seven ring polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs).

1 in the simplest case, the aromatic rings may consist of only hydrogen and carbon atoms and these compounds are termed polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH).Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) constitute a class of organic compounds containing two or more fused benzene rings in linear, angular, and cluster arrangements.

The environmental fate of these ubiquitous contaminants is of concern because of the mutagenicity, ecotoxicity, and carcinogenic potential of high-molar-mass ://